Before my trip I read that Laos is the most bombed country per capita in history. The problem with this fact: Laos has never been at war.
So how exactly is it that Laos has become the most bombed country in the world?
Laos was completely caught in the crossfire during the Vietnam War. Despite remaining neutral throughout the conflict in their neighbouring country, this sitting on the fence didn’t help them much. The US dropped more than two million tons of ammo on Laos during almost 600, 000 bombing missions. If you do the math, that is equal to a planeload of bombs every 8 minutes, 24 hours a day, for 9 years.
If US fighter planes needed to land before all of their ammo had been unloaded, they would simply drop them onto Laos, as it is unsafe to land an aircraft with heavy artillery still on board. Up to a third of the bombs dropped did not explode, leaving Laos polluted with vast numbers of unexploded ordnance (UXO).
Today, almost 40 years later, the lives of Laotian people are still suffering from the reeling aftermath of the Vietnam War. Thousands of land mines are still present and undetected in the fields. Men, women, and children risk their lives every day by tending to the fields, as many have no other option but to continue working in the fields in order to support their family.
Lighting a fire at home even poses great risk. We learned of one couple who lit a fire in their home and the heat from the fire set off a bomb that lay unknowingly below the ground. The husband was blinded and is no longer able to continue work in the fields. The wife is now the one out in the fields in order to support her husband and child. As women earn significantly less than men, the income rolling into the household now is simply not enough.
Every year there continues to be over 100 new casualties in Laos. Close to 60% of the accidents are fatal, and 40% of the victims are children.
As soon as we arrived in Vientiane, we visited COPE: Cooperative Orthotic and Prosthetic Enterprise. It’s a local non-profit organization that provides rehabilitation services to UXO survivors. Here, you can choose to purchase a leg for a victim as well as donate to the organization through items in the gift shop. There are displays of the cluster bombs dropped and also varying leg prosthetics. Some were carved out of wood by people themselves in order to afford a prosthetic.
What The Secret War of Laos is to many remains just that – a secret. I personally had no idea about the very unfortunate part that Laos played during the Vietnam War. This enlightened knowledge on my behalf is one of the very many reasons why I love travel and immersing myself in other cultures so much. I learn more about the world while traveling than I could possibly dream of learning via text book.
Sweet Jeebus. These people live with that. And the war profiteers go marching on…
I know . . . the statistics are just so shocking.
Unimaginable living with that risk every day, seemingly forever. Great post.
This was a revelation to me too on our recent trip to Laos although I knew there had been some US special forces actually in Laos. When US forces made the Ho Chi Minh trail too dangerous to use for North Vietnamese troops, they would cut through Laos and Cambodia. If you read guide books about travel to Laos, there are warnings about not wandering off established roads and trails because of unexploded ordnance. This problems last for generations. They are still collecting unexploded ordnance for World War I in Belgium (Flanders Fields) and France.
Hello Suzanne! Thanks very much for sharing your comment. I can imagine how the guidebooks of Laos would be filled with such warnings.
I had no idea…
Nor had I!
That is such a sorry tale and some shocking statistics. I know that in WWII aircraft used to unload bombs to make sure they could make the flight back. I think it is a real shame such an innocent country suffered so much. Makes me wonder why the planes were not able to divert over water and unload the bombs there.
Shocking statistics is right! That’s interesting about the water . . . I wonder?
Horrible stuff to happen to ordinary people.
Very much so.
Well, this certainly wasn’t taught in my American history class when we studied the Vietnam War. It is so unfortunate that Laos was caught in the crossfire of that conflict and its people continue to suffer from that today. Great, informative post. As you said, travel and immersing yourself into another country’s culture and history is a much better way to learn and to fully understand than to read a book, which often only tells one side of the story.
Thanks so much, Erin! I`m glad to have helped inform you of the sad situation in Laos. Thanks for your lovely comment.
Thanks for enlightening us. The suffering that the US inflicts on others is shameful, and the lack of taking responsibility and “cleaning up” the situation is unforgivable. As others commented, we never learn the whole story in our history classes. The truth of history always depends on who is telling the story.
Hi Marilyn, you’re very welcome. You are so right – the truth of history will always depend on who or what is telling us the story. Thanks for your comment, as usual! :)
I like to think I know quite a bit about war but I didn’t know this about Laos prior to you telling me. Very sad that people choosing to remain neutral had to endure such hardship and still do to this day. War is hell.
I went to Laos in 2006 and was amazed by the secret war, the amount of unexploded ordinances, the craters, and the people lacking limbs. It is definitely a sad situation. There is a great book to read called Air America which reveals a lot more information. Great post on a disturbing topic.